CBD Gummies For Dog Pain

You’ve probably heard about all the amazing things CBD has to offer. But not many people know their dogs can experience all the same benefits. How much do you know about dog CBD products and their benefits? Here are the basics of CBD for dogs to control pain, anxiety, and cancer. Have you thought about trying CBD for your dog’s pain, seizures, or anxiety? Here’s everything you need to know about CBD for dogs.

Best CBD for Dogs with Pain – Top 3 Picks (2020)

You’ve probably heard about all the amazing things CBD has to offer. But not many people know their dogs can experience all the same benefits.

CBD is a powerful natural painkiller. It’s used to alleviate chronic joint pain, hip pain, cancer pain, and much more.

But not all CBD products are created equal. Many CBD oils, capsules, and dog treats don’t provide enough of the active ingredient to provide these benefits.

Learn how to find CBD products for your dog that work for pain and spot scam products that aren’t worth the money.

Let’s start with our list of the top three CBD products for helping your dog cope with chronic pain.

  • Royal CBD – Award Winning, Best CBD Oil Overall
  • Gold Bee – Runner Up, Quality Product at a Good Price
  • Blessed CBD – Potent CBD, But Only Ships to the UK

1. Royal CBD Dog Treats — Editor’s Pick

These CBD-infused dog treats provide 5 mg of CBD per treat and come in three distinct formulas depending on what your health goals are for your dog.

You can get treats for supporting joint mobility (Active Treats), for stress and anxiety (Calming Treats), or protect cardiovascular and brain health (Hearty Treats). Royal CBD also makes a line of CBD pet oils well-suited for managing pain. Its CBD pet product lineup has already won several awards and is mentioned as the top brand on websites such as CFAH, VentureBeat, SF Weekly, Daily CBD, SF Examiner, and Weed News.

The best option for managing pain is the Active Treats — which are formulated with ingredients like boswellia, hemp seed extract, and turmeric.

Both boswellia and turmeric are potent painkillers on their own. They work through a similar mechanism as Aspirin by blocking key enzymes needed for inflammation (COX and LOX enzymes). Both of these herbs work great when combined with the analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of CBD.

  • Small Dogs (under 15 pounds) — 1 Treat Per Day
  • Medium Dogs (15 to 30 pounds) — 1 – 2 Treats Per Day
  • Medium-Large Dogs (30 – 60 Pounds) — 1 – 3 Treats Per Day
  • Large Dogs (Over 60 Pounds) — 2 – 4 Treats Per Day

2. Gold Bee CBD Oil — Runner-Up

Gold Bee is best known for the high terpene content in its CBD oils. Terpenes are small, aromatic compounds produced in plants that offer a host of therapeutic benefits on their own.

Many of the terpenes in Gold Bee CBD oils offer powerful painkilling and anti-inflammatory benefits of their own. Some even offer direct therapeutic effects on the connective tissue of arthritis joints.

These terpenes work to support CBD’s overall benefits for managing chronic joint pain, hip pain, and inflammatory pain in dogs.

Gold Bee doesn’t make ‘pet-specific’ CBD products, but all the regular oils offered by this brand are perfectly safe for dogs.

  • Small Dogs (under 15 pounds) — 300 mg CBD oil
  • Medium Dogs (15 to 30 pounds) — 300 mg CBD oil
  • Medium-Large Dogs (30 – 60 Pounds) — 300 mg CBD oil
  • Large Dogs (Over 60 Pounds) — 600 mg CBD oil

The main selling point of Gold Bee CBD oils over other brands is the combination of high-quality (organic hemp, high terpene content, premium carrier oils) and low cost. These oils are listed well-below the industry average for CBD pet oils — especially of this quality.

You can find mentions of this brand on LA Weekly, Observer, Orlando Weekly, SA Current, Metro Times, Cleveland Scene, and more.

3. Blessed CBD Oil — UK’s Best CBD Brand

Blessed CBD is a UK-based CBD brand with an impressive lineup of full-spectrum CBD products. The company’s 500 mg CBD oil is well-suited for use with dogs.

This oil is made from organic European hemp and extracted using state of the art supercritical CO2. This produces some of the highest-quality hemp extract possible, without risking contamination of the oil with solvents like propane, butane, or hexane.

This 500 mg CBD oil is distributed into just 10 mL of oil, bringing the potency up to around 50 mg of CBD per milliliter of oil.

That works out to roughly 1.5 milligrams per drop.

Using higher potency CBD oils with dogs means you have to count each drop individually to determine the best dose for your dog. I recommend administering this oil by mixing it in with their food.

CBD Dog Treats vs. CBD Pet Oils For Pain: Which is Better?

The two most common ways of using CBD products with dogs are CBD pet oils and CBD dog treats.

So which one is better? When should I use pet treats over oils, and vice-versa?

Compliance: Winner — CBD Treats

Overall, both options work perfectly fine, but for picky dogs, CBD-infused treats tend to do a little better. Treats contain lots of other flavors that mask the hemp extract’s taste, and most dogs are already sold on a treat no matter what’s inside.

CBD oils are also a good option, and you can mix the dose in with their food to help mask the flavor a little more. However, picky dogs may not like the taste it gives their food and will avoid eating it.

Cost: Winner — CBD Pet Oils

In terms of cost, CBD oils are almost always cheaper upfront. This is because there are fewer ingredients in them that add to the price. A CBD pet oil consists of a CBD-rich hemp extract and a carrier oil — that’s it.

CBD pet treats contain other herbal and nutritional additives, flavors, and base ingredients that make up the bulk of the treat itself. This brings the overall cost up.

Dosing Precision: Winner — CBD Pet Oils

When it comes to dosing, CBD oils offer the ultimate level of precision. They allow you to administer any dose to your dog, and you can tweak the dose by single milligrams of CBD at a time.

To dose CBD oils, you just need to know how much CBD is in each drop. Then you can just count the dose up to the amount you want. For example, if a CBD oil provides 0.3 mg per drop (300 mg CBD oil), and you want to give a 2 mg dose of CBD. Just count out seven drops of oil.

Pet treats come in specific doses, so you have much less control over how much you’re giving. If you wanted to give your pet 8 mg of CBD and have 5 mg treats, you either have to cut it short (1 treat at 5 mg) or give extra (2 treats at 10 mg).

A few mg difference isn’t going to have a big impact most of the time, but for smaller animals, even slight changes to the dose are significant.

The Benefits of CBD For Pain in Dogs

CBD offers painkilling benefits in three main ways for dogs:

A) CBD is a Powerful Anti-inflammatory Agent

Inflammation is the primary underlying cause of pain. Short term inflammation, such as after an injury, is helpful. It increases blood flow to protect the area from further damage and initiates the healing process.

However, long-term inflammation isn’t as helpful. It can lead to further damage to the area and cause chronic pain for months or years. This is the most common underlying cause for conditions like arthritis or chronic hip pain in dogs.

CBD works to block the inflammatory process and reduce the burden of chronic pain over time.

This effect takes several weeks or months to reach its full potential, so it’s important to be consistent with your CBD dose.

B) CBD Directly Blocks Pain Signals

CBD has been shown to activate the vanilloid pain receptors in the spinal cord and brain. These receptors work closely alongside the opioid pain receptors to control the volume of pain heading towards the brain.

Activating these receptors works like the volume control knob, reducing the signal that reaches the brain. When this signal is muted, your dog’s perception of pain is decreased.

C) CBD Promotes the Regeneration of Connective Tissue

The most common cause of chronic pain in dogs is arthritis. With this condition, the cartilage that protects the joints from rubbing together begins to break down, usually due to chronic inflammation.

As the cartilage breaks down, other cells start to die as well — such as the chondrocytes, which are tasked with producing the slippery synovial fluid that lubricates the joints.

Without adequate cartilage or synovial fluid, the bones start to rub against each other, causing pain and reduced mobility in the joint.

CBD helps by stimulating the repair process to restore lost cartilage tissue and regenerate chondrocytes in the joints.

This effect offers a long-lasting improvement in joint pain, but it can take several weeks before you start to notice any improvement. The regeneration of cartilage tissue takes time. It’s important to remain patient and consistent with the dose of CBD to take advantage of this effect.

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How Much CBD Should I Give My Dog?

  • The size and weight of your dog — larger dogs need more CBD
  • The age of your dog — older dogs, may need higher doses of CBD due to poor absorption
  • The severity of symptoms — more severe symptoms may require larger doses of CBD
  • The breed of dog — some breeds have a lower fat content and may need smaller doses of CBD.

Every dog is different, so it’s up to the pet owner to find the best dose for each dog individually.

The easiest way to find the optimal dose for your animal is to start with a low dose and increase slowly over time.

Most pet owners will start with a low dose (2 mg) and increase by 2 mg every day until they see signs of improvement.

If using CBD treats, start with half a treat and increase by half a treat every day until you find a dose that works for your dog.

Some dog owners add cannabis terpenes to their dog’s CBD oils. This is done to increase the potency of the oil and helps custom tailor the formula for their dog’s specific symptoms. In general, you’ll want to use about half the recommended dose of terpenes listed on the side of the bottle when administering to dogs. Check out Finest Labs for a good selection of dog-friendly terpene concentrates.

How to Shop for CBD Pet Products

There are a lot of excellent CBD products on the market for dogs. However, there are a lot of really poor products as well. So how do you tell the difference?

Here are three key questions to ask when shopping for CBD pet products to rule-out low-quality or low-value brands:

1. What do Past Customers Say About This Brand?

Whenever shopping with a new brand for the first time, you should do a quick Google search for any brand mentions or customer reviews. You’re looking for indications that people who have already bought from the company are happy with their purchase.

Look for positive customer reviews (keeping in mind there will always be at least a few negative reviews — this is normal). Most of the reviews should be overwhelmingly positive.

It would help if you also looked for mentions or recommendations on reputable media outlets.

If you can’t find a single review or mention, this is a red flag on its own. It could be a sign the company is brand new, or that it’s a scam. I would avoid these companies if you can’t find a single mention online.

2. What’s the “Cost per Milligram” (Value Metric)

The price of CBD products are important, but you should also be looking past the price and checking the value of the product as well.

The best way to measure value is with a metric called “cost per milligram.” This metric shows you how much money you’re spending for every milligram of CBD in the formula.

Many CBD brands are charging a premium for their pet oils, but if you only go off the initial price, you may not notice this.

For example, you can buy CBD pet oils for as low as $30 per bottle, but each bottle only offers 80 mg of CBD. This seems cheap at first, but when you calculate the cost per milligram (total cost divided by total CBD content), you end up with close to 40 cents per milligram — which is way overpriced.

  • CBD Pet Oils — 15 to 25 cents per milligram
  • CBD Pet Treats — 20 to 30 cents per milligram

3. Has This Product Been Third-Party Tested?

Third-party testing is a voluntary step most reputable CBD brands will take to provide transparency for its products.

It works by sending a sample from every batch to an independent lab (no affiliation with the brand) to conduct thorough tests on the extract’s chemical makeup. These tests will check the CBD level, other cannabinoid concentrations, terpene profiles, and check for contaminants in the extract.

The results are then sent back to the company.

Always look for evidence of these tests, which should be posted live on the company’s website. If these tests are missing, you should ask yourself why the company refuses to publish the results and what they might be hiding.

Summary: What’s the Best CBD Product to Manage Pain in Dogs?

CBD is a powerful health supplement to use with dogs. It’s useful for managing many different types of pain, ranging from joint pain and arthritis to cancer or inflammatory-related pain.

You have two options when searching for CBD products for dogs. You can get a CBD-infused dog treat, such as the Active Treats by Royal CBD. Or you can go for a CBD-infused oil — such as the pet oils from Royal CBD or the full-spectrum CBD oils by Gold Bee.

If you’re in the UK, you’ll need to order from a local alternative like Crush CBD instead. Most US-based CBD companies don’t ship to Europe.

Always check for positive reviews, brand mentions, evidence of third-party testing, and look for value when shopping for CBD products to get the most for your money.

How Can CBD Help A Dog In Pain

Cannabidiol (CBD) has exploded in popularity in the last two years among dog owners looking to relieve pain and anxiety for their beloved pets.

If you have a mobility-impaired or older dog suffering from arthritis or hip dysplasia, you might be thinking, “Is this just another passing trend, or is there any science to back it up?” Of course, you want to do everything possible to help keep your pet safe.

Naturally, you also don’t want to waste your money or jeopardize the health of your lovely companion, which is why picking out the right product is essential.

This article will provide a general overview of CBD oil, including what it is, how it works, and what benefits it may provide for your dog with joint discomfort, arthritis, chronic inflammation, and other mobility concerns.

CBD Oil For Dogs

CBD is a cannabinoid molecule found naturally in cannabis plants. CBD oil has reportedly undergone extensive testing, commonly known as cannabidiol or hemp oil. Nowadays, CBD oil is a widely used natural remedy for various physical and mental ailments.

CBD oil is a natural combination of CBD extract and carrier oil, such as hemp oil or coconut oil, which can be applied topically or consumed sublingually. High-quality CBD oil could be a vital part of a vet-approved treatment program for dogs.

Canines with mobility challenges, chronic pain, inflammation, or age-related illnesses, such as arthritis or hip dysplasia, may benefit from CBD. Let’s glance at some of the science in more detail.

CBD & Pain

Pain management and relief are essential parts of treatment for many disabled and elderly dogs. Dog owners should know that the underlying cause of the pain can be complicated due to multiple factors. Your dog’s pain levels can range from mild to severe and can be short-term or long-term.

Experts describe chronic pain as lasting longer than six months, even though the cause (disease or injury) is no longer present. Injury, surgery, and chronic and progressive conditions, including IVDD, hip dysplasia, and arthritis, can cause pain.

All pet owners know how essential it is to improve a special needs dog’s quality of life by reducing pain. Vets and many non-specialist dog owners commonly use prescription medicines such as opioids and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to treat pain.

These drugs are pretty effective, but they also have serious side effects. Chemical dependence, long-term liver damage, and the risk of a fatal overdose are all possible side effects.

The natural substance cannabidiol, on the other hand, has been shown in several studies to help relieve pain with few side effects. Note that CBD doesn’t produce the same euphoric “high” like THC, but its complex effects can aid the body in utilizing its endocannabinoids.

Science Behind CBD Pain Management Properties

CBD may be a viable alternative for dogs, cats, and people who suffer from chronic pain and rely on drugs like opioids, which can be addictive and have multiple adverse effects.

The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a complex cell-signaling system. Researchers believe CBD interacts with endocannabinoid receptors in the brain and immune system, which are key components of the ECS.

The ECS system regulates immunological responses in mammals, including humans, dogs, and cats. Receptors are tiny proteins found on cell surfaces.

They receive chemical messages from various stimuli and assist cells in responding. This reaction produces pain-relieving and anti-inflammatory properties, which aid in pain management.

CBD oil binds with a dog’s CB1 & CB2 receptors, acting as a natural neuroprotective agent with various possible medical advantages. After that, the oil’s cannabinoids allow for two-way communication between endocannabinoid receptors, enabling the body to adjust its immunological response as needed.

CBD oil is a natural technique to regulate the body’s systems and keep them perfectly balanced.

You may find it interesting to know that many dogs are lacking in cannabinoids. This causes CBD to help manage moderate pain more effectively in them. Supplementing pets with CBD increases cannabinoids in the muscle and restores balance to the ECS system.

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CBD Research

Research on CBD products and pain management has indeed proved promising. And as cannabis becomes legal, a more in-depth and long-term study involving human volunteers is likely to occur.

According to a 2015 study, CBD can affect receptor systems in our bodies and the ECS associated with other cannabinoids. Research shows that CBD also raises anandamide levels in the body. Individuals link this chemical to lower pain perception and enhanced mood.

According to new research, CBD doesn’t ultimately lessen pain intensity, but it does make it feel less unpleasant. Academics examined the effects of cannabis medications on pain in early 2021 by safely creating experimental thermal pain and analyzing how the neurological system reacts and responds to it. By applying pure CBD isolate oil, researchers discovered that while CBD didn’t lower pain severity, it did make it less annoying.

Moreover, according to an investigation published in July 2018 by Cornell University researchers, CBD boosted the comfort and activity of dogs suffering from arthritis. This clinical trial revealed that administering dogs with osteoarthritis 2 mg of CBD twice per day can make them feel more comfortable and active.

Effects Of CBD On Dogs

If your dog is suffering from joint pain, your veterinarian may prescribe NSAIDs or other pain relievers like Gabapentin and Meloxicam. However, NSAIDs can induce joint and soft tissue degeneration on their own. They can also harm your dog’s liver in the future. Meds like Gabapentin can potentially damage kidneys.

Furthermore, most of these drugs prove ineffective in the long run. But CBD is natural and anti-inflammatory with none of the adverse side effects of pharmaceuticals.

Keep reading to learn about all of the potential benefits of CBD oils and other CBD pain meds for dogs.

Controlling Arthritis Pain

Arthritis pain is excruciating for many older dogs. CBD oil is a newer medication that has shown some promise for dogs suffering from arthritic symptoms. Animal medicine follows human medical trends, with testing and approval of veterinary medications typically taking years.

The FDA hasn’t approved a veterinary medicine based on CBD or hemp-derived chemicals to treat arthritis. However, that isn’t to suggest there isn’t evidence that CBD is impactful for dogs with arthritis.

Several promising studies demonstrate that cannabidiol reduces inflammation.

In one study, CBD was found to help reduce inflammation and slow the progression of degeneration in rats.

Managing Anxiety

Stress is among the most common reasons dog owners seek CBD for dogs. Anxiety can manifest itself in a variety of ways, including:

  • Fear of noise
  • Separation anxiety
  • Violence

Of course, the human version of anti-anxiety medications is accessible for dogs as well. Moreover, researchers are hailing CBD as a natural anxiety-management drug with no harmful side effects.

For your information, CBD oil treats pain, anxiety, and depression in humans. More than a third of consumers have reported that CBD works “extremely effectively by itself.” CBD even helps children with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or those who can’t control their anxiety and insomnia. The good news for dog owners is that animal studies reveal that its antidepressant effects aren’t just for people.

Improving Mobility

As our dogs become older, they lose interest in the activities they used to like. A dog in pain may find that daily walks and a swim in the pool are too much for them to endure. It’s sad to see the process unfold because we all want to keep our pets mobile for as long as possible.

Dog CBD oil may aid your older dog’s movement by addressing pain and inflammation. In one dog research, 2mg of CBD administered twice a day enhanced movement in dogs with osteoarthritis.

Managing Hip Dysplasia Symptoms

Another typical joint problem starting in puppyhood is hip dysplasia. Similar to arthritis, hip dysplasia is characterized by joint pain and inflammation.

Hip dysplasia is a genetic condition where the hip joints grow unevenly. Hip arthritis commonly develops at an early age as a result. Hip dysplasia causes joint pain, loss of movement, and chronic inflammation in dogs, just like arthritis. Hip dysplasia also causes the following symptoms:

  • Reluctance to get up from a sleeping or sitting position
  • Difficulty jumping or climbing stairs
  • Leg pain in the back legs
  • Hips with a restricted range of motion
  • Muscle mass loss in the lower limbs

CBD oil for dogs has been shown to help with pain and inflammation. Many veterinarians and pet owners are turning to CBD oil for dogs to aid with hip dysplasia symptoms. This eliminates canine pain and improves the quality of life for pets by reducing discomfort and increasing movement.

Fighting Cancer

Unfortunately, cancer affects 50% of mature dogs. Cancer poses a significant health risk to dogs, particularly if subjected to chemotherapy or radiation.

Cancer experts are constantly searching for new ways to treat cancer and alleviate the pain and nausea that it can cause. And CBD oils have been extensively studied as a cancer-fighting chemical.

CBD was found to decrease the growth of breast cancer cells in mice research. In 2018, their team discovered that CBD helped mice with pancreatic cancer live longer. Other animal research has also shown that CBD oil has cancer-fighting properties and can slow the growth of cancer cells.

Is CBD Safe?

CBD has no documented side effects, and most topical CBD products don’t enter the bloodstream. However, there are some probable adverse effects, such as:

  • Weariness
  • Diarrhea
  • Changes in appetite
  • Changes in weight

CBD may interact with the following substances:

  • Prescription medicines and some over-the-counter (OTC) drugs
  • Nutritional supplements

CBD products may be able to provide treatment for many pets suffering from normal or chronic pain without producing intoxication or addiction.

Considerations to Find the Right Product

Dog CBD products aren’t all made equal. The active ingredient in many CBD oils, pills, and dog treats is insufficient to deliver these advantages. Moreover, some products don’t meet quality standards the way others (like Wiggles & Paws CBD Pet Oil ) do.

Learn how to recognize low-quality items that aren’t worth the money and how to find CBD oil for dogs that do help with the pain.

Animal Welfare Commitment

Make a financial investment. Try supporting companies that prioritize animal welfare through service and contributions to rescue pets in need. Remember that CBD oils like “The Wiggles & Paws CBD Pet Oil” can also benefit other animals!

Tested By A Third-Party Lab

Before purchasing hemp oil, make sure to check purity and dosage. To ensure you’re obtaining a high-quality CBD product evaluated for quality and potency, look for a product that has recently been tested and approved by a third-party lab.

The amount of CBD in the product should be specified on the label. Make sure the product you’re purchasing is THC-free.

Check to see if your dog’s CBD comes from CO2 extraction.

CO2 extraction is a method of extracting oil from plants using carbon dioxide. Oils with a greater concentration of CBD are produced utilizing this extraction method. Consequently, your dog’s supplement will be more effective. Naturally, this increases the product’s price, but it’s worth it.

No Contaminants Present

You must understand where and how the hemp used to create CBD oil is farmed. This significantly impacts the test results you see in the COA. To limit the risk of environmental toxins, always choose an organic product. You want to know that the soil and water in which it was grown are as pure as possible.

Caution Before Using CBD Oil

This website’s content does not replace a one-on-one relationship with your veterinarian. Don’t hesitate to contact your vet before making any changes to your dog’s medication regimen.

CBD oil for dogs is available ‘over the counter,’ but speaking with your vet before introducing any prescription or supplement is very important because CBD oil can interact with the metabolism of other medications your dog may need.

With that in mind, here you’ll find five tips to remember for keeping your beloved canine companion safe.

Drug Interferences

You may have been warned (or at least heard) not to consume grapefruit while taking medications. Grapefruit compounds can temporarily suppress the cytochrome P450 enzymes in the liver, requisite for the metabolization of certain drugs.

Because cannabidiol has a similar inhibitory function, timing your dosing is recommended.

First-Time Side Effects

The consumption of CBD oil products causes minimal adverse effects in certain pets. When your pet is using the product for the first time, it may experience mild drowsiness, feeling drowsy or “out of it,” vomiting, or diarrhea.

If any of these adverse effects occur, or if you have any other questions or concerns regarding CBD oil for dogs, stop utilizing the oil and seek guidance from your vet.

Check CBD Product Quality

If you intend to administer CBD oil to your beloved dog to help with arthritis or movement concerns, show the product to your doctor first. Your veterinarian will want to make sure the product has been third-party lab tested, is THC-free, and has a proper amount of CBD.

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Some CBD pet products fail to meet these safety and efficacy criteria. To help you find the best CBD products, ask your veterinarian for suggestions, or check out our CBD-infused dog treats and shop with your mind at ease.

Is CBD Legal?

CBD products derived from hemp plants (with less than 0.3 percent THC) are technically legal in the United States and Canada. However, some dog CBD oil products are still banned in several US states. CBD products produced from marijuana are prohibited on the federal level, although legal in several states.

Check your city’s website or read the laws of your state. It’s important to remember that nonprescription CBD products aren’t FDA-approved and may be mislabeled.

Final Thoughts

We can now extract CBD oil for dogs and other animals from the cannabis plant and utilize them in various ways to help our dogs fight cancer, feel calmer, deal with joint pain, etc. In this beginner’s tutorial, we went through how CBD can help with canine pain management. We also discussed CBD’s safety and legality and what scientific studies have revealed about its effectiveness in treating pets.

We hope this blog helps you better understand how CBD oils could benefit your canine companion if your dog deals with arthritis pain, hip dysplasia, or other chronic pain and inflammation problems.

CBD for Dogs: Everything You Need to Know

In certain states, medical marijuana is an option for people seeking relief from ailments like seizures, pain, anxiety, and cancer.

Pet parents and veterinarians alike are naturally wondering whether cbd for dogs, in the form of products such as cbd oil for dogs or cbd dog treats, can provide the same benefits.

Here’s everything you need to know about CBD for dogs.

THC vs. CBD for Dogs

CBD is one of over 80 different chemical compounds called “cannabinoids” that have been derived from the cannabis (marijuana) plant. Unlike tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), perhaps the most famous cannabinoid, CBD is not psychoactive.

Instead, CBD shares important metabolic pathways with a class of drugs called NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) like ibuprofen and Rimadyl. These pathways control many processes in the body, from inflammatory responses to blood clotting.

Do not give dogs straight marijuana or any product containing tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the primary psychoactive component of marijuana. There is simply not enough research to justify the use.

CBD-based products, however, may help improve your dog’s quality of life when used in conjunction with other therapies.

Why Use CBD for Dogs?

CBD is often mentioned as a useful therapy for a variety of conditions, including pain management, arthritis, anxiety, seizures, and even cancer. Although the use of CBD in treating each of these conditions is under-researched, there are varying levels of scientific evidence for each scenario.

Arthritis

Because CBD shares metabolic pathways with anti-inflammatory drugs, it makes sense that it would help with certain inflammatory conditions (anything that ends with -itis is an inflammatory condition).

Osteoarthritis, often abbreviated as arthritis, is one of the most common inflammatory conditions in dogs.

One in four dogs will be diagnosed with arthritis in their lifetime, and by some estimates, as many as 60% of dogs exhibit some degree of the disease.

Research has shown that CBD can provide substantial pain relief in dogs with arthritis when given twice daily at appropriate doses.

In theory, the anti-inflammatory benefit seen in arthritic dogs could also be seen in dogs with other types of inflammatory pain, especially back pain from intervertebral disc disease (IVDD).

Preliminary studies in people have shown that combo products containing both CBD and THC are more beneficial for pain relief than when either drug is given alone. But no such research has been done on dogs, so THC should not be given to them.

Seizures

Seizures are probably the most-studied application of CBD in people, but limited research exists for pets. In dogs, seizures can be caused by a vast number of underlying conditions.

With regards to idiopathic epilepsy specifically, there is some research that suggests that CBD could be useful in reducing seizure frequency in these dogs. However, these benefits are only seen with dogs that are given traditional anti-seizure medications at the same time.

Cancer

Like seizures, the term “cancer” is an umbrella term that refers to an extremely diverse set of specific diseases, each with their own set of beneficial treatments.

In people, CBD has been studied for possible use in cancer patients, both to treat the tumor(s) directly, as well as to treat the secondary symptoms of cancer and chemotherapy. Very limited research has been done on the use of CBD for dogs with cancer.

However, the anti-nausea effects of CBD seen in people who undergo chemotherapy have also been documented in rats and ferrets, suggesting that dogs receiving chemotherapy may benefit from CBD treatment.

Anxiety

Perhaps the biggest misconception is that CBD is useful in managing a dog’s anxiety. In theory, it is possible that CBD, by reducing pain and inflammation, could indirectly reduce anxiety caused by pain or inflammation.

But because CBD is not psychoactive, it is unlikely that CBD has the ability to directly treat canine anxiety in the way that Prozac and other medications do. The use of CBD for anxiety in dogs, as with most conditions, requires substantially more research.

Potential Risks of CBD for Dogs

Overall, CBD itself seems to be incredibly safe in dogs and cats. However, numerous scientific papers have found that when given at the recommended doses, CBD does cause an elevation in an important liver value on bloodwork called alkaline phosphatase (ALP).

We are not yet sure whether the elevation of this liver value has any medical significance. It could signify that CBD causes irritation or damage to the liver. Alternatively, it could be an artificial finding in which the drug interferes with the way the lab measures the liver value.

Anecdotal reports do exist of dogs becoming somewhat sleepy or sedate if they receive extremely large doses of CBD, but those effects appear to resolve on their own with time.

CBD doesn’t appear to have any drug interactions when it’s given to a dog that’s on an anti-inflammatory drug like Rimadyl.

Because there is a theoretical risk of drug interaction, as with any medication, you should consult your veterinarian first before treating your dog with CBD.

THC Dangers for Dogs

Unlike CBD, THC ingestion can cause serious problems for your pet.

“The most significant [issue] is THC toxicity, meaning, essentially, they are high,” says Dr. Gary Richter, owner and medical director of Montclair Veterinary Hospital in Oakland, California. “Depending on how significantly a pet has been overdosed, the effects of that can be quite long-lasting, even days.”

During these episodes, a pet may not be able to stand or eat. If you suspect THC toxicity, take your pet to the veterinarian immediately. Secondary effects of THC, especially respiratory depression, should be monitored closely to avoid complications.

Overall, life-threatening risks for dogs from cannabis are “exceedingly rare,” Dr. Richter says. There is no documented lethal dose for THC in dogs. In fact, a dose of THC 1,000 times greater than the dose needed for a dog to feel “high” is still not lethal.

THC toxicity more often occurs when a pet has eaten a product that also contains chocolate, coffee, or raisins. “Even if the THC toxicity is not excessive, they can sometimes have problems due to these other ingredients,” says Dr. Richter.

How Much CBD Can You Give Dogs?

Though there are some topical treatments, CBD oil is typically administered orally to dogs, and giving the correct dosage is imperative. “As is the case with any medication, success has everything to do with dosing,” Dr. Richter says.

Studies on using CBD for dogs with arthritis or seizures generally use a dose between 2-8 mg/kg, with most papers erring on the lower side of that estimate (roughly 1-2 milligrams per pound of body weight), twice daily.

This dosage has been found to be both safe and somewhat effective for just the conditions studied (arthritis and seizures). Additional research is needed to evaluate the necessary dosages for CBD in treating other conditions.

One complication in attempting to properly dose dogs with CBD is that the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has found that many CBD products actually contain little, if any, CBD.

The only FDA-approved cannabinoid product, Epidiolex, could theoretically be prescribed by a veterinarian for epilepsy in dogs, although this would likely be cost-prohibitive. Because it is FDA-approved, though, the CBD content of this product would be accurate, unlike most other CBD products on the market.

Can Veterinarians Prescribe CBD for Dogs?

U.S. veterinarians are forbidden from prescribing/dispensing CBD, and cannot encourage or instruct clients to purchase CBD products.

However, they are free to talk to you about the potential risks and benefits of a treatment plan you may have devised on your own. If you are considering giving CBD to your dog, speak to your vet, and you may want to also speak with a veterinarian who has experience with CBD.